The LP & other approaches
Similarities and Differences to Other Approaches
Mindfulness – Both the LP and mindfulness identify the importance of recognising whether the neurology being accessed is health promoting (‘in the present’) or not (Davidson, 2003). Mindfulness suggests moving from this recognition of ‘not being present’ to an end state of disengagement and acceptance and returning to being ‘present’. The LP, however, adds to this concept by suggesting it should be combined with actively engaging desired neural pathways to trigger positive physiological processes – so returning to being present, but in a very deliberate way that enhances physiological change.
CBT – Both the LP and CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) include developing an awareness of patterns that have an impact on health. The CBT primary focus is to make cognitive shifts in order to manage and cope with illness better. The LP differs in that it considers how a client can influence their neurology to achieve a change in their physiology.
Some Influences on the Development of the LP
Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) was originally developed from an inquiry into what were the therapeutically effective elements of Gestalt and Family therapy in the 1970 at UCSC, its ideas have subsequently been applied to a wide range of fields including psychotherapy and sports performance. A recent meta-analysis (Zaharia, Reiner, & Schütz, 2015) concluded that there was evidence to support its positive effects.
It can be summarised as a systemic imaginative method of psychotherapy with an integrative cognitive approach. A simple overview of its component parts helps to clarify its approach: Neuro – NLP considers how the way our brains and minds are processing information; Linguistic – how the way language affects that information processing; and Programming – how much of an individual’s issues appear to arise from unhelpful automated ways of processing of that information.
Life Coaching is an approach to help people create self-directed change through the use of questions, goal setting and support to achieve those goals within an empowering environment. In the LP self coaching techniques are taught to assist in the development of new neurological pathways.
The LP uses some concepts from Osteopathy (a statutory regulated profession), which is a system of diagnosis and treatment for a wide range of medical conditions. It uses the principles of a holistic approach to health care, including the central concept that by helping the body to recover its homeostasis, body systems can return to more normal function.