There is much research supporting the concepts and theories underpinning the LP, some of the key papers are presented here:
Dr. Bruun Wyller, who is considered to be one of Norway’s leading experts on CFS/ME, has published some interesting articles which concur with the clinical findings of the Phil Parker Lightning Process, which you can find here (1) (2). His most recent paper in conjunction with Hege R. Eriksen, Kirsti Malterud who are university researchers from Bergen, can be found here (3).
Dr. Bruun Wyller says: ‘Recent research on CFS pathophysiology has revealed alterations of cardiovascular regulation and thermoregulation, characterized by enhanced sympathetic nervous activity and increased secretion of epinephrine. These findings indicate a state of permanent distress response – sustained arousal – in CFS patients. Based upon our findings, we have formulated a theory of sustained arousal in CFS, which seems to correspond quite neatly to the theoretical considerations underlying the Lightning Process.’
Theoretical basis of the Lightning Process
For more information on the established scientific theories that underpin the Lightning Process, please click on the links below:
- Neuroplasticity – the ability of the pathways of the brain to change and develop in response to learning and repetition. (4) (5)
- The physiological effects of Adrenaline, Nor-Adrenaline & Cortisol in the “stress” response and allostatic load. (6) (7)
- The interaction of the body, brain and mind. (8) (9) (10)
- The osteopathic theory of facilitation and the impact of changes in structure causing changes in function. (11) (12)
- Positive psychology and the impact of neurobiology on health (13)
- Language and its link to neurology and health (14) (15) (16) (17) (18)
- Mindfulness and how it changes physiology (19) (20) (21)
- Triggering improved physiology by accessing memories (22)(23)
1. Bruun Wyller, Vegard MD et al, “Abnormal Thermoregulatory Responses in Adolescents with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Relation to Clinical Symptoms”,Official Journal of The American Academy of Pediatrics, Vol. 120 No.1, 2 July 2007
10. Hennenlotter, Andreas, et al. “The Link between Facial Feedback and Neural Activity within Central Circuitries of Emotion- New Insights from Botulinum Toxin- Induced Denervation of Frown Muscles”, Cerebral Cortex Journal, June 17 2008
14. Darlow, B., Fullen, B. M., Dean, S., Hurley, D. A., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2012). The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: a systematic review. European Journal of Pain, 16(1), 3–17.
15. Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G. D., Mathieson, F., Perry, M., & Dean, S. (2013). The enduring impact of what clinicians say to people with low back pain. The Annals of Family Medicine, 11(6), 527–534.
16. Nickel, B., Barratt, A., Copp, T., Moynihan, R., & McCaffery, K. (2017). Words do matter: a systematic review on how different terminology for the same condition influences management preferences. BMJ Open, 7(7), e014129. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014129
17. Richter, M., Eck, J., Straube, T., Miltner, W. H. R., & Weiss, T. (2010). Do words hurt? Brain activation during the processing of pain-related words. PAIN, 148(2), 198–205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2009.08.009
18. Richter, M., Schroeter, C., Puensch, T., Straube, T., Hecht, H., Ritter, A., … Weiss, T. (2014). Pain-Related and Negative Semantic Priming Enhances Perceived Pain Intensity. Pain Research and Management, 19(2), 69–74. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/425321
19. Ferrarelli, F., Smith, R., Dentico, D., Riedner, B. A., Zennig, C., Benca, R. M., … Tononi, G. (2013). Experienced Mindfulness Meditators Exhibit Higher Parietal-Occipital EEG Gamma Activity during NREM Sleep. PLoS ONE, 8(8), e73417. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0073417
20. Hölzel, B. K., Carmody, J., Vangel, M., Congleton, C., Yerramsetti, S. M., Gard, T., & Lazar, S. W. (2011). Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 191(1), 36–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2010.08.006
22. Speer, M. E., Bhanji, J. P., & Delgado, M. R. (2014). Savoring the Past: Positive Memories Evoke Value Representations in the Striatum. Neuron, 84(4), 847–856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2014.09.028
23. Speer, M. E., & Delgado, M. R. (2017). Reminiscing about positive memories buffers acute stress responses. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(5), s41562-17-93–17. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-017-0093